Category Archives: ECO 365T

ECO 365T All Practice and Apply Assignments New

ECO 365T All Practice and Apply Assignments New

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ECO 365T All Practice and Apply Assignments New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 1 Practice The Fundamentals of Economic Quiz

ECO 365T Assignment Week 1 Apply The Fundamentals of Economics Homework

ECO 365 Assignment Week 2 Practice Market Dynamics and Efficiency Quiz

ECO 365 Assignment Week 2 Apply Market Dynamics and Efficiency Homework

ECO 365 Assignment Week 3 Practice Elasticity and Consumer Choice Quiz

ECO 365 Assignment Week 3 Apply: Elasticity and Consumer Choice Homework

 

ECO 365 Assignment Week 4 Practice The Microeconomics of Product Markets Quiz

ECO 365 Assignment Week 4 Apply The Microeconomics of Product Markets Homework

 

ECO 365 Assignment Week 5 Practice The Microeconomics of Resource Markets and Trade Quiz

 

 

ECO 365 Assignment Week 5 Apply The Microeconomics of Resource Markets and Trade Homework

ECO 365T Assignment Week 2 Apply Market Dynamics and Efficiency Homework New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 2 Apply Market Dynamics and Efficiency Homework New

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ECO 365T Assignment Week 2 Apply Market Dynamics and Efficiency Homework New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 2 Apply Market Dynamics and Efficiency Homework

Note: You have only one attempt available to complete assignments. Grades must be transferred manually to eCampus by your instructor. Don’t worry, this might happen after the due date.

The demand and supply schedules for sunscreen at a small beach are shown below.

Market for Sunscreen

 

 

Price (dollars per bottle)         Quantity of Sunscreen Demanded (bottles)   Quantity of Sunscreen Supplied (bottles)

 

$35     1,000   8,500

 

30       2,000   7,000

 

25       3,000   5,500

 

20       4,000   4,000

 

15       5,000   2,500

 

10       6,000   1,000

 

 

 

Instructions: Enter your answers as a whole number.

 

 

 

 

If the price is $15 per bottle, how many bottles of sunscreen are demanded and supplied?

 

 

 

Qd =   bottles

 

 

 

 

Qs = bottles

 

 

 

 

In this case, there would be upward pressure on the price.

 

 

 

 

What is the equilibrium price and quantity in the market for sunscreen?

 

 

 

P =

 

 

 

 

Q = bottles

 

 

 

 

 

 

The market for ice cream bars on a hot day at the local beach is summarized in the table below.

 

 

 

 

Market for Ice Cream Bars

 

 

Price (dollars) Quantity of Ice Cream Bars Demanded         Quantity of Ice Cream Bars Supplied

 

$1.40   310     100

 

1.60     280     140

 

1.80     250     180

 

2.00     220     220

 

2.20     190     260

 

2.40     160     300

 

2.60     130     340

 

 

 

Instructions: Enter your answer as a whole number.

 

 

 

 

Determine whether there is a surplus or a shortage at a price of $1.80 per ice cream bar, and determine the size of the surplus or shortage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is a shortage in a market for a product when

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

the current price is lower than the equilibrium price.

 

 

quantity demanded is lower than quantity supplied.

 

 

demand is less than supply.

 

 

supply is less than demand.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assume that the graphs show a competitive market for the product stated in the question.

 

 

 

 

Select the graph above that best shows the change in the market for leather coats when leather coats become more fashionable among young consumers.

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

graph (1)

 

 

graph (2)

 

 

graph (3)

 

 

graph (4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following graph for the milk market to answer the question below.

 

 

There would be excess production of milk whenever the price is

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

greater than $1.50 per gallon.

 

 

greater but not less than $2.00 per gallon.

 

 

less but not greater than $2.00 per gallon.

 

 

less than $1.50 per gallon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is a surplus in a market for a product when

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied.

 

 

demand is less than supply.

 

 

quantity demanded is less than quantity supplied.

 

 

the current price is lower than the equilibrium price.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following graph for the milk market to answer the question below.

 

 

In this market, the equilibrium price is ____ and equilibrium quantity is ___

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$1.50 per gallon; 30 million gallons.

 

 

$1.50 per gallon; 28 million gallons.

 

 

$1.00 per gallon; 35 million gallons.

 

 

$28 per gallon; 150 million gallons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

In competitive markets, a surplus or shortage will

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

cause changes in the quantities demanded and supplied that tend to intensify the surplus or shortage.

 

 

cause changes in the quantities demanded and supplied that tend to eliminate the surplus or shortage.

 

 

cause shifts in the demand and supply curves that tend to eliminate the surplus or shortage.

 

 

never exist because the markets are always at equilibrium.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following table to answer the question below.

 

 

 

 

Price per Unit Quantity Demanded per Year           Quantity Supplied per Year

 

$5       2,000   0

 

10       1,800   300

 

15       1,600 600

 

20       1,400   900

 

25       1,200   1,200

 

30       1,000   1,500

 

 

 

In this competitive market, the price and quantity will settle at

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

$25 and 1,200 units.

 

 

$15 and 1,600 units.

 

 

$10 and 1,800 units.

 

 

$20 and 900 units.

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is an excess demand in a market for a product when

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied.

 

 

quantity demanded is less than quantity supplied.

 

 

the current price is higher than the equilibrium price.

 

 

supply is less than demand.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The marginal benefit of an additional beach towel is $12. The marginal cost of producing an additional beach towel is $8. If producers are minimizing the average costs of production, then we can conclude:

 

 

beach towel production is allocatively efficient but not productively efficient.

 

 

beach towel production is neither allocatively nor productively efficient.

 

 

beach towel production is both allocatively and productively efficient.

 

 

beach towel production is not allocatively efficient but is productively efficient.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The difference between the maximum price a consumer is willing to pay for a product and the actual price the consumer pays is called

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

 

 

consumer demand.

 

 

consumer surplus.

 

 

market failure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer surplus arises in a market because

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

at the current market price, quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded.

 

 

at the current market price, quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied.

 

 

the market price is below what some consumers are willing to pay for the product.

 

 

the market price is higher than what some consumers are willing to pay for the product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the equilibrium wage for fast-food restaurants is $8 and the government enforces a minimum wage of $15

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

overall, society will be better off.

 

 

workers will get paid less.

 

 

fast-food restaurants will hire fewer workers.

 

 

workers will be able to find more jobs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the market for a particular pair of shoes, Jena is willing to pay $75 for a pair while Jane is willing to pay $85 for a pair. The actual price that each has to pay for a pair of shoes is $65. What is the combined amount of consumer surplus for Jena and Jane?

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$215.

 

 

$10.

 

 

$130.

 

 

$30.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A producer’s minimum acceptable price for a particular unit of a good

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

will, for most units produced, equal the maximum that consumers are willing to pay for the good.

 

 

must cover the wages, rent, and interest payments necessary to produce the good but need not include profit.

 

 

is the same for all units of the good.

 

 

equals the marginal cost of producing that particular unit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charlie is willing to pay $10 for a T-shirt that is priced at $9. If Charlie buys the T-shirt, then his consumer surplus is

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$19.

 

 

$0.90.

 

 

$90.

 

 

$1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Graphically, producer surplus is measured as the area

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

above the supply curve and above the actual price.

 

 

above the supply curve and below the actual price.

 

 

under the demand curve and below the actual price.

 

 

under the demand curve and above the actual price.

 

 

Productive efficiency occurs at the point where

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

marginal benefit exceeds marginal cost by the greatest amount.

 

 

the production technique minimizes economic surplus.

 

 

the production technique minimizes cost.

 

 

consumer surplus exceeds producer surplus by the greatest amount.

 

 

The market supply curve indicates the

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

total revenues that sellers would receive from selling various quantities of the product.

 

 

total amount that buyers will pay in buying a given quantity of the product.

 

 

maximum prices that buyers are willing and able to pay for the product.

 

 

minimum acceptable prices that sellers are willing to accept for the product.

 

 

Which of the following goods is both nonrival and nonexcludable?

 

 

A hot dog at a hot dog stand

 

 

A tuna in the ocean

 

 

A soccer match in a stadium

 

 

The light from a lighthouse at a harbor entrance

 

 

Which of the following goods is nonrival?

 

 

A soccer match in a stadium

 

 

A visit to the doctor at her office

 

 

A pizza at a pizza parlor

 

 

A tuna in the ocean

 

The production of paper often creates a waste product that pollutes waterways. Assume the producer of paper does not directly pay to dispose of the waste in the water.

 

In this case, the price of paper will be     the socially efficient price and the amount of paper produced will be     the socially efficient amount.

 

If one person’s consumption of a good does not preclude another’s consumption, the good is said to be

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

rival in consumption.

 

 

nonrival in consumption.

 

 

 

 

If there are external benefits associated with the consumption of a good or service

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

the private demand curve will overestimate the true demand curve.

 

 

consumers will be willing to pay for all these benefits in private markets.

 

 

the market demand curve will be the vertical summation of the individual demand costs.

 

 

the private demand curve will underestimate the true demand curve.

 

 

If a good that generates negative externalities were priced to take these negative externalities into account, its

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

price would decrease, and its output would increase.

 

 

price would remain constant and output would increase.

 

 

price would increase but its output would remain constant.

 

 

price would increase, and its output would decrease.

 

What are the two characteristics that differentiate private goods from public goods?

 

Multiple Choice

 

ownership and usage

 

negative externality and positive externality

 

rivalry and excludability

 

marginal cost and marginal benefit

 

A negative externality or spillover cost (additional social cost) occurs when

 

Multiple Choice

 

the price of the good exceeds the marginal cost of producing it.

 

firms fail to achieve allocative efficiency.

 

the total cost of producing a good exceeds the costs borne by the producer.

 

firms fail to achieve productive efficiency.

 

Where there are spillover (or external) benefits from having a particular product in a society, the government can make the quantity of the product approach the socially optimal level by doing the following except

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

providing the product itself.

 

 

taxing the sellers of the product.

 

 

subsidizing the buyers of the product.

 

 

subsidizing the sellers of the product.

 

If some activity creates external benefits as well as private benefits, then economic theory suggests that the activity ought to be

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

left alone.

ECO 365T Assignment Week 2 Practice Market Dynamics and Efficiency Quiz New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 2 Practice Market Dynamics and Efficiency Quiz New

Check this A+ tutorial guideline at

https://www.uopassignments.com/eco-365t-uop/eco-365t-assignment-week-2-practice-market-dynamics-and-efficiency-quiz-recent

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ECO 365T Assignment Week 2 Practice Market Dynamics and Efficiency Quiz New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 2 Practice Market Dynamics and Efficiency Quiz

Note: You have unlimited attempts available to complete practice assignments. The highest scored attempt will be recorded. These assignments have earlier due dates, so plan accordingly. Grades must be transferred manually to eCampus by your instructor. Don’t worry, this might happen after the due date.

 

The monthly demand and supply schedules for new cars at a large California dealership are shown in the table below.

Market for New Cars

Price (dollars) Quantity of Cars Demanded Quantity of Cars Supplied

$30,000           0         250

 

25,000 100     225

 

20,000 200     200

 

15,000 300     175

 

10,000 400     150

 

 

 

If the dealership is currently charging $25,000 for a new car, at the end of the month there will be:

 

 

a shortage of 125 cars.

 

 

a surplus of 5,000 cars.

 

 

a surplus of 125 cars.

 

 

a shortage of 5,000 cars.

 

 

neither a surplus nor a shortage; the market will be in equilibrium.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The demand and supply schedules for sunscreen at a small beach are shown below.

 

 

 

 

Market for Sunscreen

 

 

Price (dollars per bottle)         Quantity of Sunscreen Demanded (bottles)   Quantity of Sunscreen Supplied (bottles)

 

$35     1,000   8,500

 

30       2,000   7,000

 

25       3,000   5,500

 

20       4,000   4,000

 

15       5,000   2,500

 

10       6,000   1,000

 

 

 

Instructions: Enter your answers as a whole number.

 

 

 

 

If the price is $15 per bottle, how many bottles of sunscreen are demanded and supplied?

 

 

 

Qd =

 

 

Qs =

 

 

In this case, there would be upward pressure on the price.

 

 

 

 

What is the equilibrium price and quantity in the market for sunscreen?

 

 

 

P =

 

 

Q =

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following graph for the milk market to answer the question below.

 

 

There would be excess production of milk whenever the price is

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

greater than $1.50 per gallon.

 

 

 

 

greater but not less than $2.00 per gallon.

 

 

less than $1.50 per gallon.

 

 

less but not greater than $2.00 per gallon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is a surplus in a market for a product when

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

quantity demanded is less than quantity supplied.

 

 

 

 

demand is less than supply.

 

 

the current price is lower than the equilibrium price.

 

 

quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following table to answer the question below.

 

 

 

 

Price per Unit Quantity Demanded per Year           Quantity Supplied per Year

 

$5       2,000   0

 

10       1,800   300

 

15       1,600   600

 

20       1,400   900

 

25       1,200   1,200

 

30       1,000   1,500

 

 

 

There will be a shortage whenever the price is

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

equals $25.

 

 

higher than $25.

 

 

higher than $30.

 

 

lower than $25.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A decrease in demand and an increase in supply will

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

decrease price and affect the equilibrium quantity in an indeterminate way.

 

 

 

 

decrease price and increase the equilibrium quantity.

 

 

increase price and affect the equilibrium quantity in an indeterminate way.

 

 

affect price in an indeterminate way and decrease the equilibrium quantity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is an excess demand in a market for a product when

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied.

 

 

 

 

supply is less than demand.

 

 

the current price is higher than the equilibrium price.

 

 

quantity demanded is less than quantity supplied.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In competitive markets, surpluses or shortages will

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

cause shifts in the demand and supply curves that tend to eliminate the excess production or excess demand.

 

 

cause changes in the quantities demanded and supplied that tend to intensify the excess production or excess demand.

 

 

never exist because the markets are always at equilibrium.

 

 

cause changes in the quantities demanded and supplied that tend to eliminate the excess production or excess demand.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is a shortage in a market for a product when

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

quantity demanded is lower than quantity supplied.

 

 

supply is less than demand.

 

 

demand is less than supply.

 

 

the current price is lower than the equilibrium price.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following is an example of a price ceiling?

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

Price supports for agricultural products.

 

 

Subsidies for apartment rent in major cities.

 

 

Limits on interest rates charged by credit card companies.

 

 

 

 

Minimum-wage laws for unskilled workers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assume that the graphs show a competitive market for the product stated in the question.

 

 

 

 

Select the graph above that best shows the change in the market for leather coats when leather coats become more fashionable among young consumers.

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

graph (1)

 

 

 

 

graph (4)

 

 

graph (3)

 

 

graph (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In competitive markets, a surplus or shortage will

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

never exist because the markets are always at equilibrium.

 

 

cause changes in the quantities demanded and supplied that tend to eliminate the surplus or shortage.

 

 

 

 

cause changes in the quantities demanded and supplied that tend to intensify the surplus or shortage.

 

 

cause shifts in the demand and supply curves that tend to eliminate the surplus or shortage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following graph for the milk market to answer the question below.

 

 

In this market, the equilibrium price is ____ and equilibrium quantity is ___

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$1.50 per gallon; 28 million gallons.

 

 

 

 

$1.50 per gallon; 30 million gallons.

 

 

$1.00 per gallon; 35 million gallons.

 

 

$28 per gallon; 150 million gallons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following table to answer the question below.

 

 

 

 

Price per Unit Quantity Demanded per Year           Quantity Supplied per Year

 

$5       2,000   0

 

10       1,800   300

 

15       1,600   600

 

20       1,400   900

 

25       1,200   1,200

 

30       1,000   1,500

 

 

 

In this competitive market, the price and quantity will settle at

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$20 and 900 units.

 

 

$25 and 1,200 units.

 

 

 

 

$15 and 1,600 units.

 

 

$10 and 1,800 units.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The additional benefit of producing one more roast beef sandwich at a local deli is $2. The additional cost of producing one more roast beef sandwich is $3. To improve allocative efficiency:

 

 

producers should produce at least one more roast beef sandwich because MB > MC.

 

 

producers should produce at least one more roast beef sandwich because MC > MB.

 

 

producers should not produce one more roast beef sandwich because MB > MC.

 

 

producers should not produce one more roast beef sandwich because MC > MB.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The value that consumers get (from consuming a product) over and above what they actually paid for the product is called

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

consumer surplus.

 

 

 

 

consumer utility.

 

 

consumption expenditures.

 

 

consumer demand.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer surplus

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

is the difference between the maximum price consumers are willing to pay for a product and the lower equilibrium price.

 

 

 

 

is the difference between the minimum price producers are willing to accept for a product and the higher equilibrium price.

 

 

is the difference between the maximum price consumers are willing to pay for a product and the minimum price producers are willing to accept.

 

 

rises as equilibrium price rises.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charlie is willing to pay $10 for a T-shirt that is priced at $9. If Charlie buys the T-shirt, then his consumer surplus is

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$19.

 

 

$1.

 

 

 

 

$90.

 

 

$0.90.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the equilibrium wage for fast-food restaurants is $8 and the government enforces a minimum wage of $15

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

workers will be able to find more jobs.

 

 

overall, society will be better off.

 

 

workers will get paid less.

 

 

fast-food restaurants will hire fewer workers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The market supply curve indicates the

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

total revenues that sellers would receive from selling various quantities of the product.

 

 

minimum acceptable prices that sellers are willing to accept for the product.

 

 

 

 

maximum prices that buyers are willing and able to pay for the product.

 

 

total amount that buyers will pay in buying a given quantity of the product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charlie is willing to pay $10 for a T-shirt that is priced at $9. If Charlie buys the T-shirt, then his consumer surplus is

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$90.

 

 

$1.

 

 

 

 

$19.

 

 

$0.90.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Graphically, producer surplus is measured as the area

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

under the demand curve and below the actual price.

 

 

above the supply curve and below the actual price.

 

 

 

 

under the demand curve and above the actual price.

 

 

above the supply curve and above the actual price.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allocative efficiency occurs only at that output where

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

the combined amounts of consumer surplus and producer surplus are maximized.

 

 

 

 

consumer surplus exceeds producer surplus by the greatest amount.

 

 

marginal benefit exceeds marginal cost by the greatest amount.

 

 

the areas of consumer and producer surplus are equal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A producer’s minimum acceptable price for a particular unit of a good

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

must cover the wages, rent, and interest payments necessary to produce the good but need not include profit.

 

 

equals the marginal cost of producing that particular unit.

 

 

 

 

is the same for all units of the good.

 

 

will, for most units produced, equal the maximum that consumers are willing to pay for the good.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Productive efficiency occurs at the point where

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

the production technique minimizes economic surplus.

 

 

the production technique minimizes cost.

 

 

 

 

marginal benefit exceeds marginal cost by the greatest amount.

 

 

consumer surplus exceeds producer surplus by the greatest amount.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The minimum acceptable price for a product that producer Sam is willing to receive is $15. The price he could get for the product in the market is $18. How much is Sam’s producer surplus?

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$45

 

 

$3

 

 

 

 

$270

 

 

$33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The difference between the maximum price a consumer is willing to pay for a product and the actual price the consumer pays is called

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

market failure.

 

 

consumer surplus.

 

 

 

 

consumer demand.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer surplus arises in a market because

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

the market price is higher than what some consumers are willing to pay for the product.

 

 

at the current market price, quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded.

 

 

at the current market price, quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied.

 

 

the market price is below what some consumers are willing to pay for the product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The difference between the actual price that a producer receives and the minimum acceptable price the producer is willing to accept is called the producer

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the market for a particular pair of shoes, Jena is willing to pay $75 for a pair while Jane is willing to pay $85 for a pair. The actual price that each has to pay for a pair of shoes is $65. What is the combined amount of consumer surplus for Jena and Jane?

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

$130.

 

 

$215.

 

 

$30.

 

 

 

 

$10.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Producer surplus

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

is the difference between the maximum price consumers are willing to pay for a product and the lower equilibrium price.

 

 

rises as equilibrium price falls.

 

 

is the difference between the maximum price consumers are willing to pay for a product and the minimum price producers are willing to accept.

 

 

is the difference between the minimum price producers are willing to accept for a product and the higher equilibrium price.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The production of paper often creates a waste product that pollutes waterways. Assume the producer of paper does not directly pay to dispose of the waste in the water.

 

 

 

 

In this case, the price of paper will be below the socially efficient price and the amount of paper produced will be above the socially efficient amount.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following goods is nonrival?

 

 

A visit to the doctor at her office

 

 

A soccer match in a stadium

 

 

 

 

A pizza at a pizza parlor

 

 

A tuna in the ocean

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following goods is both nonrival and nonexcludable?

 

 

A hot dog at a hot dog stand

 

 

A soccer match in a stadium

 

 

The light from a lighthouse at a harbor entrance

 

 

A tuna in the ocean

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Texarkana Electric Company burns coal to heat the water that drives its electricity-producing turbines. The table below shows the marginal benefit of annual electricity consumption and the private marginal cost of annual electricity production.

 

 

 

 

Marginal Cost and Marginal Benefit

 

 

Quantity (millions of megawatts)       MBprivate       MCprivate       MCexternal     MCsocial

 

1.0       $145   $85     $ 20     $ 105

 

2.0       130     90       20       110

 

3.0       115     95       20       115

 

4.0       100     100     20       120

 

5.0       85       105     20       125

 

6.0       60       110     20       130

 

 

 

Instructions: Enter your answers as a whole number.

 

 

 

 

What is the (apparent) optimal amount of electricity for Texarkana Electric Company to produce each year?

 

 

 

4 million megawatts per year

 

 

 

 

Now assume the production of each million megawatts of electricity also produces sulfur dioxide (a precursor to acid rain). The external cost of the sulfur dioxide is $20 per million megawatts of electricity production.

 

 

 

 

Fill in the external marginal cost (MCexternal) and the social marginal cost (MCsocial) columns in the table above.

 

 

 

What is the socially optimal amount of electricity for Texarkana to produce if all costs and benefits are considered?

 

 

 

3 million megawatts per year

 

 

 

 

If electricity production triggers an external cost of sulfur dioxide of $20 per million megawatts, these external costs need to be added to private marginal cost in order to measure social marginal cost.

 

 

 

When Texarkana Electric Company produces 3.0 million megawatts per year, an optimum for society is reached because social marginal benefit equals social marginal cost.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If some activity creates external benefits as well as private benefits, then economic theory suggests that the activity ought to be

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

left alone.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Where there are spillover (or external) benefits from having a particular product in a society, the government can make the quantity of the product approach the socially optimal level by doing the following except

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

subsidizing the sellers of the product.

 

 

providing the product itself.

 

 

taxing the sellers of the product.

 

 

 

 

subsidizing the buyers of the product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External benefits in consumption refer to benefits accruing to those

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

who are consuming the product abroad.

 

 

who bought and consumed the product.

 

 

who are selling the product to the consumers.

 

 

other than the ones who consumed the product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When the production of a good generates external costs, a firm’s private supply curve will be

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

to the left of the social supply curve.

 

 

to the right of the social supply curve.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A negative externality or spillover cost (additional social cost) occurs when

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

the price of the good exceeds the marginal cost of producing it.

 

 

firms fail to achieve allocative efficiency.

 

 

firms fail to achieve productive efficiency.

 

 

the total cost of producing a good exceeds the costs borne by the producer.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If there are external benefits associated with the consumption of a good or service

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

the private demand curve will overestimate the true demand curve.

 

 

consumers will be willing to pay for all these benefits in private markets.

 

 

the market demand curve will be the vertical summation of the individual demand costs.

 

 

the private demand curve will underestimate the true demand curve.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A public good

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

is available to all and cannot be denied to anyone.

 

 

 

 

produces no positive or negative externalities.

 

 

can be profitably produced by private firms.

 

 

is characterized by rivalry and excludability.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If a good that generates negative externalities were priced to take these negative externalities into account, its

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

price would remain constant and output would increase.

 

 

price would increase, and its output would decrease.

 

 

 

 

price would decrease, and its output would increase.

 

 

price would increase but its output would remain constant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following supply and demand graph for product X to answer the question below.

 

 

What would happen if the government taxed the producers of this product because it has negative externalities in production?

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

supply would decrease

 

 

 

 

demand would decrease

 

 

supply would increase

 

 

price would decrease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A positive externality or spillover benefit (additional social benefit) occurs when

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

a firm does not bear all of the costs of producing a good or service.

 

 

product differentiation increases the variety of products available to consumers.

 

 

firms earn positive economic profits.

 

 

the benefits associated with a product exceed those that accrue for consumers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What are the two characteristics that differentiate private goods from public goods?

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

marginal cost and marginal benefit

 

 

rivalry and excludability

 

 

 

 

ownership and usage

 

 

negative externality and positive externality

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A public good

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

can never be provided by a nongovernmental organization.

 

 

generally results in substantial negative externalities.

 

 

costs essentially nothing to produce and is thus provided by the government at a zero price.

 

 

cannot be provided to one person without making it available to others as well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The two main characteristics of a public good are

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

production at constant marginal cost and rising demand.

 

 

nonrivalry and large negative externalities.

 

 

nonexcludability and production at rising marginal cost.

 

 

nonrivalry and nonexcludability.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the consumption of a product or service involves external benefits, then the government can improve efficiency in the market by

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

imposing a ive tax to for an overallocation of resources.

 

 

providing a subsidy to for an overallocation of resources.

 

 

imposing a ive tax to for an underallocation of resources.

 

 

providing a subsidy to for an underallocation of resources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If one person’s consumption of a good does not preclude another’s consumption, the good is said to be

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

 

 

nonrival in consumption.

 

 

 

 

rival in consumption.

 

 

ECO 365T Assignment Week 3 Apply: Elasticity and Consumer Choice Homework New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 3 Apply: Elasticity and Consumer Choice Homework New

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ECO 365T Assignment Week 3 Apply: Elasticity and Consumer Choice Homework New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 3 Apply: Elasticity and Consumer Choice Homework

Review the Assignment Week 3 Elasticity and Consumer Choice Quiz in preparation for this assignment.

Complete the Assignment Week 3 Elasticity and Consumer Choice Homework in McGraw-Hill Connect®. These are randomized questions.

Note: You have only one attempt available to complete assignments. Grades must be transferred manually to eCampus by your instructor. Don’t worry, this might happen after the due date.

 

 

 

Which of the following scenarios would lead to a decrease in the demand for labor at Stephanie’s earring shop?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labor productivity increases.

 

 

 

The cost of capital (a substitute for labor) decreases.

 

 

 

The price of earrings increases.

 

 

 

The wage rate increases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following scenarios would lead to an increase in the demand for mixers at Henry’s bread bakery?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The market price of mixers decreases.

 

 

 

The productivity of mixers decreases.

 

 

 

The wage rate of labor (a substitute for capital) decreases.

 

 

 

The market price of bread increases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Henry bakes loaves of bread, which he sells for $4 each. He is considering purchasing additional mixers (capital) for his bakery. Each additional mixer has the productivity described below. Fill in the “Marginal Product,” “Total Revenue,” and “Marginal Revenue Product” columns. Assume this is a perfectly competitive market.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructions: Enter your answers as a whole number.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Henry’s Bakery and Revenues

 

 

 

Capital (mixers)     Total Product (loaves of bread)     Marginal Product (loaves of bread)     Price (dollars) Total Revenue (dollars)       Marginal Revenue Product (dollars)

 

 

 

0     0     —   $4   $0   —

 

 

 

1     8     8    4     32   $ 32

 

 

 

2     20   12   4     80   48

 

 

 

3     28   8     4     112 32

 

 

 

4     34   6     4     136 24

 

 

 

5     38   4     4     152 16

 

 

 

6     40   2     4     160 8

 

 

 

7     41   1     4     164 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The marginal revenue product schedule is

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

 

 

the same whether the firm is selling in a purely competitive or imperfectly competitive market.

 

 

 

the firm’s resource demand schedule.

 

 

 

the firm’s resource supply schedule.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marginal product is

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

the output of the least skilled worker.

 

 

 

the amount an additional worker adds to the firm’s total output.

 

 

 

the amount any given worker contributes to the firm’s total revenue.

 

 

 

a worker’s output multiplied by the price at which each unit can be sold.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The change in a firm’s total revenue that results from hiring an additional worker is measured by the

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

marginal product.

 

 

 

average revenue product.

 

 

 

marginal revenue.

 

 

 

marginal revenue product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marginal revenue product measures the

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

increase in total revenue resulting from the production of one more unit of a product.

 

 

 

increase in total resource cost resulting from the hire of one extra unit of a resource.

 

 

 

amount by which the extra production of one more worker increases a firm’s total revenue.

 

 

 

decline in product price that a firm must accept to sell the extra output of one more worker.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the marginal revenue product (MRP) of labor is less than the wage rate

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

more labor should be employed.

 

 

 

the firm is making profits.

 

 

 

the firm is incurring losses.

 

 

 

less labor should be employed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A profit-maximizing firm employs resources to the point where

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

MRP = MRC.

 

 

 

resource price equals product price.

 

 

 

MRC = MP.

 

 

 

MP = product price.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following is a total-product schedule for a resource. Assume that the quantities of other resources the firm employs remain constant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Units of Resource   Total Product

 

 

 

1     24

 

 

 

2     42

 

 

 

3     54

 

 

 

4     64

 

 

 

5     72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the firm’s product sells for a constant $2 and the price of the resource is a constant $16, the firm will employ how many units of the resource?

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marginal resource cost is

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

the increase in total resource cost associated with the production of one more unit of output.

 

 

 

total resource cost divided by the number of inputs employed.

 

 

 

the change in total revenue associated with the employment of one more unit of the resource.

 

 

 

the increase in total resource cost associated with the hire of one more unit of the resource.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daphne has received job offers in six different cities across the United States. The table below shows the nominal wage she is being offered in each city and the average monthly rent for an apartment in each city.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calculate Daphne’s real wage in terms of how many months of rent her wage could purchase in each city and complete the “Real Wage” column in the table below.

 

Instructions: Enter your answers rounded to the nearest whole number.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daphne’s Nominal and Real Wages

 

 

 

City Nominal Salary (dollars)       Monthly Rent (dollars)   Real Wage (months of rent)

 

 

 

Atlanta   $50,000   $1,200   42 ± 1%

 

 

 

Austin     50,500   1,368     37 ± 1%

 

 

 

Chicago   65,000   1,920     34 ± 1%

 

 

 

Lincoln   45,000   840 54 ± 1%

 

 

 

Madison 48,000   1,164     41 ± 1%

 

 

 

New York       95,000   3,204     30 ± 1%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In which city is the nominal wage highest? New York

 

 

 

 

 

In which city is the real wage highest? Lincoln

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following scenarios would result in an increase in the wage rate of solar panel installers and a decrease in the quantity of solar panel installers employed in Billy’s town?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A decrease in people’s income decreases the demand for solar panels.

 

 

 

A solar panel company shuts down in another town and solar panel installers try to find jobs in Billy’s town.

 

 

 

Wages of solar panel installers increase in another town and attract workers away from Billy’s town.

 

 

 

An increase in the demand for solar panels raises the price of each installation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The marginal revenue product of an input tends to decrease as

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

more of the input is used.

 

 

 

productivity increases.

 

 

 

the price of the input decreases.

 

 

 

the price of output increases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rising wages can be explained by which of the following?

 

 

 

rev: 06_13_2018

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

Labor demand increases more rapidly than labor supply.

 

 

 

Labor supply is highly sensitive to changes in labor productivity.

 

 

 

Labor supply increases more rapidly than labor demand.

 

 

 

Labor demand is stable and predictable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Suppose two workers can harvest $46 and three workers can harvest $60 worth of apples per day. On the basis of this information we can say that the

 

 

 

rev: 06_13_2018

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

marginal revenue product of each of the first two workers is $23.

 

 

 

marginal revenue product of the third worker is $14.

 

 

 

marginal product of each of the first two workers is 23.

 

 

 

third worker should not be hired.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A characteristic of a competitive labor market is

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

an overall reduction in employment due to firms having market power.

 

 

 

an equilibrium wage and quantity supplied.

 

 

 

high levels of unemployment.

 

 

 

labor supply changing as the wage changes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labor productivity and the price of the good being produced are two variables that contribute to

 

 

 

rev: 06_13_2018

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

 

the demand for the product.

 

 

 

the wage rate.

 

 

 

the marginal product.

 

 

 

whether or not a union forms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As the real wage decreases, the quantity of labor demanded ______ and the quantity of labor supplied _______.

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

increases; decreases

 

 

 

decreases; increases

 

 

 

increases; increases

 

 

 

decreases; decreases

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An inclusive union

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

organizes a wide range of workers in an industry to gain bargaining power.

 

 

 

is most effective in a purely competitive industry.

 

 

 

restricts supply of labor through licensing requirements.

 

 

 

is most concerned with increasing the demand for workers in an industry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The supply curve for labor in a purely competitive market slopes upward because

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

higher wages must be paid to bid workers away from other opportunities.

 

 

 

marginal resource cost rises as productivity increases.

 

 

 

the marginal product of labor falls as output increases.

 

 

 

the wage rate paid to workers falls as more are hired.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compared to a competitive labor market, workers participating in an inclusive union will enjoy

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

higher wages and more workers employed.

 

 

 

higher wages and fewer workers employed.

 

 

 

similar outcomes with respect to pay and employment.

 

 

 

lower pay and more workers employed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The concept of “wages” does not include which of the following items?

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

money spent by workers

 

 

 

direct money payments, like salaries and commissions

 

 

 

bonuses and royalties earned

 

 

 

fringe benefits, like health insurance and paid leave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following graph (where L is the quantity of labor) to answer the next question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It shows a firm that buys its inputs and sells its output in competitive markets. If the firm develops a new technology that increases labor productivity, the equilibrium level of employment for this firm is expected to be

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

lower than L0.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

higher than L0.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The individual firm that hires labor under competitive conditions faces a labor supply curve that

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

is horizontal, because individual firms have no control over wages.

 

 

 

slopes upward to the right.

 

 

 

is vertical, because workers need a job at any wage.

 

 

 

slopes downward to the right.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In a purely competitive labor market, a profit-maximizing firm will hire labor up to the point where the marginal revenue product of labor equals the

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

marginal cost of one extra unit of output.

 

 

 

price of the product.

 

 

 

average cost of each unit of output.

 

 

 

wage rate, or the price of labor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For each of the following scenarios, determine which benefit of international trade applies: lower-priced goods, increased variety of products, or access to scarce resources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today most television sets bought in the United Stated are made in China; however, this was not the case twenty years ago.

 

 

 

 

 

In large grocery stores in the United States, consumers can buy noodles from Asia, soups from France, pickled herring from Scandinavia, and beer from Germany.

 

 

 

 

 

The United States has become a prime location for producers of semiconductors, whose products are then exported to nations around the world. This choice to produce in the United States is largely due to the access to the high-skilled workforce that is required for this type of production.

 

 

 

 

 

While many developed nations have at least one domestic car manufacturer, consumers in these nations also have access to cars produced in other nations.

 

 

 

 

 

The United States has long been the world’s largest exporter of wheat. The access to vast, fertile, and highly productive soil combined with high-technology farming practices have made the United States a very cost-efficient producer of agricultural goods.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In economics, goods, services, or resources produced domestically and sold abroad are known as:

 

 

 

 

 

 

net exports.

 

 

 

 

 

 

international trade.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic producers might oppose free trade agreements because

 

 

 

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there could be a decrease in consumer surplus.

 

 

 

there could be an increase in consumer surplus.

 

 

 

there could be a decrease in producer surplus.

 

 

 

there could be an increase in producer surplus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The principal concept behind comparative advantage is that a nation should

 

 

 

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concentrate production on those products for which it has the lowest domestic opportunity cost.

 

 

 

strive to be self-sufficient in the production of essential goods and services.

 

 

 

maximize its volume of trade with other nations.

 

 

 

use tariffs and quotas to protect the production of vital products for the nation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the following table for a certain product’s market in Marketopia to answer the next question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quantity Demanded Domestically Price       Quantity Supplied Domestically

 

 

 

1,400     $10 2,200

 

 

 

1,600     9     2,000

 

 

 

1,800     8     1,800

 

 

 

2,000     7     1,600

 

 

 

2,200     6     1,400

 

 

 

2,400     5     1,200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If Marketopia is entirely closed to international trade, the equilibrium price and quantity would be

 

 

 

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$6 and 1,400 units.

 

 

 

$9 and 2,000 units.

 

 

 

$7 and 2,000 units.

 

 

 

$8 and 1,800 units.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benefits from international trade are not based on differences in

 

 

 

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resource availability.

 

 

 

technological capabilities.

 

 

 

product quality and other attributes.

 

 

 

income levels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Limits on the quantity or total value of specific products imported to a nation are

 

 

 

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import quotas.

 

 

 

nontariff barriers.

 

 

 

protective tariffs.

 

 

 

export subsidies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Governments often intervene in international trade and impose quotas to

 

 

 

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improve the performance of multinational corporations.

 

 

 

shift a nation’s production possibilities frontier.

 

 

 

increase revenues from export subsidies.

 

 

 

protect domestic industries from foreign competition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An import quota on a product reduces the quantity of the product imported and

 

 

 

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will not affect the price of the product to the consumers.

 

 

 

increases the total quantity of the product consumed.

 

 

 

decreases the price of the product to the consumers.

 

 

 

increases the price of the product to the consumers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tariffs

 

 

 

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are excise taxes on goods exported abroad.

 

 

 

are per-unit subsidies designed to promote exports.

 

 

 

may be imposed either to raise revenue or to shield domestic producers from foreign competition.

 

 

 

are also called import quotas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The slopes of the production possibilities curves for two nations reflect the

 

 

 

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relative prices of the resources in the two nations.

 

 

 

average income levels in the two nations.

 

 

 

amounts of imports and exports of the two nations.

 

 

 

opportunity costs of production in the two nations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If a nation imposes a tariff on an imported product, then that nation will experience a(n)

 

 

 

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decrease in quantity supplied and an increase in the price of the product.

 

 

 

decrease in demand and a decrease in the price of the product.

 

 

 

decrease in the supply of, and an increase in the quantity demanded of, the product.

 

 

 

increase in the quantity supplied of, and a decrease in the price of the product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A tariff is a

 

 

 

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quantity limit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

price ceiling.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A tax imposed by the U.S. government on imported Chinese frozen shrimp would be an example of

 

 

 

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a voluntary restriction.

 

 

 

a regulatory trade restriction.

 

 

 

a tariff.

 

 

 

a quota.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A maximum limit set on the amount of a specific good that may be imported into a country over a given period of time is called a

 

 

 

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voluntary export restriction.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nontariff barrier.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When a nation removes tariffs on imported products that nation will

 

 

 

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experience lower prices and consume lower quantities.

 

 

 

experience higher prices and consume lower quantities.

 

 

 

experience higher prices and consume higher quantities.

 

 

 

experience lower prices and consume higher quantities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The ratio at which nations will exchange one product for another is known as the

 

 

 

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exchange rate.

 

 

 

discount rate.

 

 

 

terms of trade.

 

 

 

balance of trade.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The higher price of imported products due to trade barriers causes some consumers to shift their purchases to a domestically produced product that is now

 

 

 

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higher in price because import competition has risen.

 

 

 

higher in price because import competition has declined.

 

 

 

lower in price because import competition has declined.

 

 

 

lower in price because import competition has risen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The use of tariffs and quotas for trade protection results in

 

 

 

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less rent-seeking activity.

 

 

 

lower prices for domestic consumers.

 

 

 

less efficiency in the economy.

 

 

 

less revenue for the government.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When a nation removes restrictions on imported products that nation will

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

experience higher prices and consume lower quantities.

 

 

 

experience lower prices and consume lower quantities.

 

 

 

experience lower prices and consume higher quantities.

 

 

 

experience higher prices and consume higher quantities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The benefit of saving some American jobs in specific industries protected from foreign competition

 

 

 

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is much greater than the costs to the whole American economy.

 

 

 

has risen in recent years.

 

 

 

is much less than the costs to the whole American economy.

 

 

 

has fallen in recent years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assume that a tariff is imposed on an imported product. The difference between the domestic price and the world price is captured by

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

the government.

 

 

 

domestic producers.

 

 

 

foreign exporters.

 

 

 

domestic consumers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refer to the production possibility curve for Marketopia below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The graph indicates that with the resources and technology it has available, Marketopia

 

 

 

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Multiple Choice

 

 

 

can produce either 40 units of rye or 20 units of eggs.

 

 

 

cannot produce both 20 units of rye and 5 units of eggs.

 

 

 

cannot produce both 20 units of rye and 10 units of eggs.

 

 

 

can produce both 40 units of rye and 20 units of eggs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elasticity differs from the slope as a measure of responsiveness to changes in prices because:

 

 

 

elasticity is only useful for describing demand, but the slope is useful for describing demand and supply.

 

 

 

the slope is always negative, while elasticity is not.

 

 

 

percentage changes do not depend on the units of measurement, whereas the slope does.

 

 

 

elasticity changes depending on the currency prices are measured in, but this does not affect the slope.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For which of the following products is demand likely to be the most elastic?

 

 

 

All shoes

 

 

 

Converse All Star sneakers

 

 

 

All gym shoes

 

 

 

All clothing items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A 10% decrease in the price of gas grills leads to a 15% increase in the demand for flank steaks. The cross-price elasticity of demand between gas grills and flank steaks is:

 

 

 

-1.5.

 

 

 

1.5.

 

 

 

15.0.

 

 

 

-15.0.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If nicotine in cigarettes is highly addictive, why would it make economic sense for producers of cigarettes to offer free samples of their products to young adults?

 

 

 

The free samples will make demand more elastic in the long run.

 

 

 

The free samples will teach young adults there is such a thing as a free lunch.

 

 

 

The free samples will help get people addicted to nicotine, which makes demand less elastic.

 

ECO 365T Assignment Week 3 Practice Elasticity and Consumer Choice Quiz New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 3 Practice Elasticity and Consumer Choice Quiz New

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ECO 365T Assignment Week 3 Practice Elasticity and Consumer Choice Quiz New

 

ECO 365T Assignment Week 4 Apply The Microeconomics of Product Markets Homework New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 4 Apply The Microeconomics of Product Markets Homework New

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ECO 365T Assignment Week 4 Apply The Microeconomics of Product Markets Homework New

 

 

ECO 365T Assignment Week 4 Practice The Microeconomics of Product Markets Quiz New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 4 Practice The Microeconomics of Product Markets Quiz New

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ECO 365T Assignment Week 4 Practice The Microeconomics of Product Markets Quiz New

 

 

 

ECO 365T Assignment Week 5 Apply The Microeconomics of Resource Markets and Trade Homework New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 5 Apply The Microeconomics of Resource Markets and Trade Homework New

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ECO 365T Assignment Week 5 Apply The Microeconomics of Resource Markets and Trade Homework New

 

 

 

 

ECO 365T Assignment Week 5 Practice The Microeconomics of Resource Markets and Trade Quiz New

ECO 365T Assignment Week 5 Practice The Microeconomics of Resource Markets and Trade Quiz New

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ECO 365T Assignment Week 5 Practice The Microeconomics of Resource Markets and Trade Quiz New